Functional Ability Quizlet

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Quick Overview:
Functional ability refers to an individual’s capacity to perform tasks and activities required for daily living, work, and participation in society. It is often assessed through various tools and evaluations to determine a person’s level of impairment or disability. Here are five key facts about functional ability:

1. Importance of Functional Ability Assessment: Assessing functional ability is crucial in determining the impact of an injury or illness on an individual’s capacity to perform essential tasks. This assessment helps guide appropriate accommodations, rehabilitation plans, and return-to-work strategies.

2. Types of Functional Ability Assessments: There are different types of assessments used to evaluate functional ability, such as physical examinations, cognitive testing, psychological evaluations, vocational assessments, and activities of daily living (ADL) assessments.

3. Legal Considerations: In many jurisdictions, employers have a legal duty to accommodate employees with disabilities up to the point of undue hardship. Accurate functional ability assessments help employers determine reasonable accommodations that enable individuals with disabilities to perform their job duties effectively.

4. Role in Disability Management: Functional ability assessments play a vital role in disability management by providing objective information about an employee’s limitations or restrictions due to a medical condition or injury. This information guides decision-making regarding suitable work modifications or alternate job assignments.

5. Professional Expertise Required: Conducting accurate functional ability assessments requires expertise from healthcare professionals trained in conducting comprehensive evaluations tailored for specific conditions or impairments.


1. What laws govern functional ability assessment?
– The laws governing functional ability assessment vary by jurisdiction but commonly include human rights legislation and employment standards acts that require accommodation for individuals with disabilities.

2. Who can conduct functional ability assessments?
– Functional abilities should be assessed by qualified healthcare professionals such as physicians specializing in occupational medicine, physiotherapists,
psychologists specializing in neuropsychology or vocational experts.

3.Can employers request a functional abilities evaluation before hiring someone?
– In some jurisdictions, employers may request a functional abilities evaluation before hiring someone if it is directly related to the essential job requirements. However, this should be done in compliance with human rights legislation and employment standards acts.

4. How often should functional ability assessments be conducted?
– The frequency of functional ability assessments depends on various factors such as the nature of the medical condition or injury, treatment progress, and changes in job demands. Typically, they are conducted at key points during disability management processes.

5. Can individuals challenge the results of a functional ability assessment?
– Yes, individuals have the right to challenge the results of a functional ability assessment if they believe it does not accurately reflect their capabilities or limitations. They can seek an independent review or appeal through appropriate channels.

6. Are there any standardized tools for assessing functional abilities?
– Yes, there are several standardized tools available for assessing specific aspects of functional abilities such as ADL scales for daily living tasks and cognitive tests for evaluating mental capacities.

7. How do insurance companies use functional ability assessments?
– Insurance companies rely on accurate functional ability assessments to determine eligibility for disability benefits and establish appropriate compensation levels based on an individual’s impairment or disability.

Functional ability assessments are crucial in understanding an individual’s capacity to perform essential tasks and participate fully in society despite impairments or disabilities caused by injuries or illnesses. These evaluations play a significant role in determining suitable accommodations, return-to-work plans, and disability benefit entitlements while ensuring legal compliance with accommodation obligations under relevant legislation. It is important to engage qualified healthcare professionals who specialize in conducting comprehensive evaluations tailored to specific conditions when assessing an individual’s functional abilities effectively