Functional Ability And Elimination

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Quick Overview:
Functional ability and elimination refer to the individual’s capacity to perform daily activities and their ability to eliminate waste from their body. These factors play a crucial role in determining an individual’s overall health and well-being. In the context of disability management, understanding an individual’s functional ability and elimination capabilities is essential for assessing their work-related limitations or restrictions.

Functional Ability:

1. Definition: Functional ability refers to a person’s physical, mental, sensory, or cognitive capacities that enable them to perform various tasks independently.
2. Assessment: Evaluating functional ability involves considering factors such as mobility, strength, coordination, communication skills, problem-solving abilities, memory retention, etc.
3. Importance: Assessing functional ability helps determine if an individual can effectively carry out job duties or if accommodations are necessary for them to perform tasks safely.
4. Documentation: Comprehensive documentation of an individual’s functional limitations assists employers and insurance companies in making informed decisions regarding return-to-work plans or disability benefits eligibility.
5. Rehabilitation: Understanding an individual’s functional abilities aids in designing appropriate rehabilitation programs tailored to their specific needs.


1. Definition: Elimination refers to the process of expelling waste products from the body through urine or feces.
2. Impairments: Certain medical conditions may affect elimination functions due to issues with bladder control (incontinence), bowel movements (constipation), urinary tract infections (UTIs), etc.
3. Accommodations: Employers should consider providing accessible washrooms equipped with appropriate facilities for individuals with elimination impairments.
4. Medical Evidence: Employers may request medical evidence supporting any accommodation requests related to elimination impairments before implementing workplace adjustments.
5. Confidentiality: Information about an employee’s elimination impairment should be treated confidentially by employers unless required by law or when disclosing it is necessary for providing reasonable accommodations.


Q1) Are employers obligated under Canadian law to accommodate employees with functional limitations?
A1) Yes, employers have a duty to accommodate employees with functional limitations up to the point of undue hardship.

Q2) Can an employer request medical evidence regarding an employee’s functional ability or elimination impairment?
A2) Yes, employers can request medical evidence when assessing accommodation needs or determining eligibility for disability benefits.

Q3) What steps should an employer take if they suspect an employee has undisclosed functional limitations affecting their job performance?
A3) Employers should engage in open communication with the employee and explore possible accommodations. If necessary, requesting medical documentation may be appropriate.

Q4) How long does an employer need to maintain records related to employees’ functional ability and elimination impairments?
A4) Employers must retain these records as per applicable privacy legislation and any specific retention requirements outlined by regulatory bodies.

Q5) Can an employer terminate employment based on an individual’s elimination impairment?
A5) It is generally prohibited under human rights legislation to terminate someone solely based on their elimination impairment. However, termination may occur if there are other legitimate reasons unrelated to the impairment.

Understanding an individual’s functional ability and elimination capabilities is crucial for effective disability management. By assessing these factors accurately, employers can make informed decisions about accommodation needs while ensuring compliance with relevant laws and regulations. Open communication, confidentiality, and appropriate accommodations play vital roles in supporting individuals with disabilities in the workplace.