What Are The Employee Rights Concerning Medical Evaluations In Toronto?

Quick Overview:Employees in Toronto have certain rights concerning medical evaluations. These rights are protected under various laws and regulations, including the Ontario Human Rights Code and the Employment Standards Act. It is important for employers to understand these rights and ensure that they comply with all legal requirements when conducting medical evaluations.

1. Right to privacy: Employees have a right to privacy when it comes to their personal health information. Employers must obtain informed consent from employees before conducting any medical evaluation or accessing their medical records.
2. Non-discrimination: Employers cannot discriminate against employees based on their disability or perceived disability during the medical evaluation process.
3. Accommodation: If an employee requires accommodation due to a disability, employers must consider this during the medical evaluation process and explore potential accommodations that would allow the employee to perform their job duties.
4. Reasonable notice: Employers must provide reasonable notice to employees before requiring them to undergo a medical evaluation.
5. Confidentiality: Employers must keep all information obtained during a medical evaluation confidential and only share it with individuals who have a legitimate need-to-know.


1. Can my employer require me to undergo a medical evaluation?
Yes, but your employer must have valid reasons for requesting such an assessment, such as determining your fitness for work or assessing your ability to perform essential job duties.

2. Do I have the right to refuse a medical evaluation?
In general, you may not be able to refuse if there are valid reasons for the assessment that relate directly to your employment duties or workplace safety concerns.

3. What happens if I disagree with the results of a medical evaluation?
You can request another independent assessment by providing supporting evidence contradicting the initial findings within specified timelines set out by applicable legislation.

4. Can my employer access my personal health information without my consent?
No, employers generally require informed consent from employees before accessing their personal health information.

5.Can I request accommodations related to a disability during a medical evaluation?
Yes, if you have a disability and require accommodations, it is important to inform your employer before the assessment so that they can consider this in the evaluation process.

6. Can my employer share the results of my medical evaluation with others?
No, employers are required to keep all information obtained during a medical evaluation confidential and should only disclose it on a need-to-know basis.

7. What should I do if I believe my rights were violated during a medical evaluation?
You may file a complaint with the appropriate regulatory body or seek legal advice to understand your options for recourse.

Employees in Toronto have specific rights concerning medical evaluations. Employers must respect these rights by obtaining informed consent, maintaining confidentiality, avoiding discrimination, considering accommodation needs, providing reasonable notice, and ensuring compliance with relevant legislation. If employees believe their rights were violated during an assessment process, they should seek appropriate avenues for redress.