Qualified Disability Trust Canada

DEFINITION:Qualified Disability Trust (QDT) – In Canada, a Qualified Disability Trust refers to a specific type of trust that is set up to provide financial assistance to beneficiaries who have been diagnosed with a severe and prolonged physical or mental disability.


1. What is the purpose of a Qualified Disability Trust?
A Qualified Disability Trust primarily aims to provide financial support and security to individuals with disabilities, ensuring their ongoing well-being and care even after the passing of the trust’s creator (grantor).

2. What are the eligibility criteria for a trust to be considered a Qualified Disability Trust?
To qualify as a Qualified Disability Trust in Canada, certain conditions must be met. These include having a beneficiary who is eligible for the federal Disability Tax Credit and providing the trust with an annual election from the beneficiary’s legal representative.

3. Are there any tax advantages associated with Qualified Disability Trusts in Canada?
Yes, there are tax advantages provided to Qualified Disability Trusts. These trusts can access certain tax benefits, such as the ability to claim the Disability Tax Credit and to benefit from preferred tax rates on the trust’s income if certain criteria are met.

4. Who can create a Qualified Disability Trust?
A Qualified Disability Trust can be established by any individual who wants to provide financial support to a person with a severe and prolonged disability. This can include parents, guardians, or other concerned parties.

5. Is it mandatory to set up a Qualified Disability Trust to assist a person with disabilities?
No, setting up a Qualified Disability Trust is not mandatory. However, it can be a viable option for individuals who want to ensure the continued financial well-being and care of a person with disabilities.

6. Can the trust assets be used for any purpose under a Qualified Disability Trust?
The trust assets in a Qualified Disability Trust can be utilized to cover various expenses, including medical care, education, rehabilitation, and other support services that are necessary for the beneficiary’s well-being.

7. Is a Qualified Disability Trust subject to any regulations or legal formalities?
Yes, a Qualified Disability Trust must adhere to certain regulations set by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to maintain its status. This includes filing annual tax returns, providing the required election forms, and meeting other related obligations as outlined by the CRA.