Canada Disability Statistics

Canada Disability Statistics refer to numerical data and metrics that provide insights into the prevalence, types, and characteristics of disabilities within the Canadian population. These statistics play a crucial role in understanding the needs and challenges faced by individuals with disabilities, informing policy decisions, and assessing the effectiveness of support services and programs.


1. What is the prevalence of disabilities in Canada?
According to Statistics Canada, as of 2017, approximately 22% of Canadians aged 15 and over, or 6.2 million individuals, reported having at least one disability.

2. What types of disabilities are included in these statistics?
The statistics encompass a wide range of disabilities, including physical, sensory, cognitive, and mental health disabilities. It also includes episodic disabilities and disabilities related to chronic health conditions.

3. How is disability defined in Canada?
In Canada, disability is defined as any condition that limits an individual’s ability to perform daily activities, causing them to experience difficulties in functioning and participating fully in society. Disabilities can be both visible and invisible.

4. Are there gender differences when it comes to disabilities in Canada?
Yes, there are slight gender differences. Among Canadians aged 15 and over with disabilities, 13% are males and 12.8% are females. However, the differences are not significant enough to indicate a substantial disparity in disability prevalence between genders.

5. How do disability statistics impact policy development?
Disability statistics provide valuable insights into the needs and challenges faced by individuals with disabilities, allowing policymakers to identify areas where support and resources are required the most. This data helps shape policies that aim to improve accessibility, inclusion, and the overall quality of life for individuals with disabilities.

6. Are there regional differences in disability prevalence across Canada?
Yes, disability prevalence may vary across different provinces and territories. For example, in 2017, the percentage of the population with disabilities ranged from 17.2% in Newfoundland and Labrador to 30% in Quebec. These variations may be influenced by factors such as demographics, socio-economic conditions, and healthcare services.

7. How often are disability statistics updated in Canada?
Statistics Canada conducts the Canadian Survey on Disability every five years to collect comprehensive data on disability prevalence and related information. This regular update ensures that policymakers and researchers have access to the most up-to-date and accurate statistics when making informed decisions and conducting studies.