DEFINITION: The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal is an independent administrative body that resolves disputes related to discrimination and human rights violations in Canada. It operates under the Canadian Human Rights Act and ensures fair and equitable treatment for all individuals in Canada.
1. What is the mandate of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal’s primary mandate is to adjudicate complaints of discrimination in areas under federal jurisdiction, such as employment, housing, and services. It aims to foster a discrimination-free society by providing remedies and promoting human rights principles.
2. How does the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal process complaints?
After receiving a complaint, the Tribunal reviews the case to determine if it falls within its jurisdiction. If the complaint is accepted, it proceeds to a formal hearing where evidence is presented, witnesses may be called, and legal arguments are made. The Tribunal then issues a decision, which may include remedies and orders to address the discrimination.
3. Who can file a complaint with the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
Any individual who believes they have experienced discrimination or a human rights violation within an area under federal jurisdiction can file a complaint with the Tribunal. This includes employees, tenants, customers, and individuals who have faced discriminatory practices within the federal jurisdiction.
4. What types of discrimination does the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal address?
The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal deals with discrimination related to race, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, marital status, family status, disability, or conviction for an offense for which a pardon has been granted. It aims to eliminate discriminatory practices and promote equality in various aspects of life.
5. Are the decisions made by the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal legally binding?
Yes, the decisions made by the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal are legally binding. Parties who are dissatisfied with the Tribunal’s decision may appeal the decision to the Federal Court of Appeal, but until a decision is overturned or varied, it must be followed and enforced by the parties involved.