Definition Of Disability In Canada

DEFINITION:Disability in Canada refers to any physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a person’s ability to perform daily activities and participate fully in society. It is a protected characteristic under the Canadian Human Rights Act, which prohibits discrimination based on disability.


1. Is disability limited to physical impairments?
No, disability in Canada includes both physical and mental impairments. It encompasses a wide range of conditions such as mobility impairments, blindness, deafness, chronic pain, intellectual disabilities, mental illnesses, and learning disabilities.

2. What does it mean for a disability to substantially limit daily activities?
When a disability substantially limits daily activities, it refers to the extent to which an individual’s impairment affects their ability to perform essential tasks or activities that are commonly done in their daily life. This could include activities like getting dressed, eating, walking, seeing, hearing, communicating, or participating in social or recreational activities.

3. What are the rights and protections for individuals with disabilities in Canada?
In Canada, individuals with disabilities are protected by the Canadian Human Rights Act, which prohibits discrimination in areas such as employment, housing, services, and access to public facilities. They also have the right to reasonable accommodations to ensure equal opportunities and access to these areas.

4. Can an employer refuse to hire someone with a disability?
No, it is illegal for an employer to refuse to hire someone solely because of their disability. Employers are required to make reasonable accommodations that allow individuals with disabilities to perform the essential duties of a job, unless it would cause undue hardship on the business.

5. Are there financial supports available for individuals with disabilities in Canada?
Yes, Canada provides various financial supports for individuals with disabilities. This includes programs like the Canada Pension Plan Disability Benefit, the Disability Tax Credit, and provincial/territorial assistance programs that offer income support, employment support, and healthcare benefits.

6. Are there accessibility standards in Canada for people with disabilities?
Yes, Canada has implemented accessibility standards through the Accessible Canada Act. This act aims to create a barrier-free Canada for individuals with disabilities by developing and enforcing accessibility standards in areas such as the built environment, information and communications, employment, and transportation.

7. Are there organizations or resources available to support individuals with disabilities in Canada?
Absolutely. In Canada, there are numerous organizations and resources available to support individuals with disabilities and their families. These can include disability advocacy groups, support services, government programs, community-based organizations, and educational institutions that provide specialized assistance and information tailored to specific disabilities or impairments.