Disability Discrimination In Canada

DEFINITION:Disability Discrimination in Canada refers to the unjust treatment or exclusion of individuals based on their disability, violating their rights to equal opportunities and fair treatment in various aspects of life, including employment, education, housing, and access to public services.


1. What is considered a disability under Canadian law?
Under Canadian law, a disability is defined as any physical, mental, cognitive, or sensory impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, including but not limited to mobility, communication, learning, and self-care.

2. What laws protect individuals with disabilities from discrimination in Canada?
In Canada, the Canadian Human Rights Act and provincial/territorial human rights codes protect individuals with disabilities from discrimination. These laws prohibit discrimination in areas such as employment, housing, services, and public facilities.

3. What are some examples of disability discrimination in the workplace?
Examples of disability discrimination in the workplace may include refusing to provide reasonable accommodations, denying employment opportunities based on disability, or creating a hostile work environment due to disability-related biases.

4. Are employers required to provide accommodations for employees with disabilities in Canada?
Yes, employers have a legal obligation to provide reasonable accommodations to employees with disabilities, unless it would create undue hardship. Accommodations can include modified work schedules, assistive devices, or changes to the physical workspace.

5. Can a person with a disability be denied access to public services or facilities?
No, individuals with disabilities cannot be denied access to public services or facilities based on their disability. Service providers must ensure that their services are accessible to all individuals, including those with disabilities.

6. How can someone report disability discrimination in Canada?
Individuals who experience disability discrimination in Canada can file a complaint with their respective provincial/territorial human rights commission or the Canadian Human Rights Commission. These organizations will investigate the complaint and take appropriate action if discrimination is found.

7. What remedies are available for individuals who experience disability discrimination?
If disability discrimination is proven, remedies may include compensation for damages, reinstatement to a job, accommodation of needs, implementation of policies to prevent future discrimination, and educating the offender to promote awareness and prevent reoccurrence.