Employment Standards Legislation by Province/Territory

DEFINITION: Employment Standards Legislation refers to the set of laws and regulations that govern the minimum employment rights and standards that employers must adhere to in each province or territory in Canada.


1. What is the purpose of Employment Standards Legislation?
Employment Standards Legislation aims to protect workers by setting minimum standards for wages, working hours, overtime pay, vacation and public holiday entitlements, leaves of absence, terminations, and other basic employment conditions.

2. Who does Employment Standards Legislation apply to?
Employment Standards Legislation applies to most employees in the respective province or territory, regardless of the industry or occupation. However, there may be certain exemptions or special rules for specific occupations or sectors.

3. What are some common provisions covered by Employment Standards Legislation?
Common provisions covered by Employment Standards Legislation include minimum wage rates, maximum working hours per day or week, overtime pay rates, sick leave and vacation entitlements, termination notice periods, and rules for maternity or parental leave.

4. Are there any differences in Employment Standards Legislation across provinces and territories?
Yes, there can be variations in Employment Standards Legislation depending on the province or territory. Each region may have its own specific rules and regulations, such as different minimum wage rates, leaves of absence, or termination notice periods. Employers must comply with the laws applicable to their specific jurisdiction.

5. How can employees enforce their rights under Employment Standards Legislation?
Employees who believe their employer is not complying with Employment Standards Legislation can file a complaint or claim with the provincial or territorial employment standards office. These offices are responsible for investigating complaints, enforcing the legislation, and resolving disputes between employees and employers.