Provincial/territorial workers’ compensation boards

DEFINITION: Provincial/territorial workers’ compensation boards are government agencies established in each province or territory in Canada to provide compensation and support to workers who have been injured or become ill as a result of their employment.


1. What is the purpose of provincial/territorial workers’ compensation boards?
The main purpose of these boards is to ensure that workers who suffer work-related injuries or illnesses are provided with appropriate compensation and support. They aim to help injured workers return to work and provide financial assistance for medical expenses and wage replacement.

2. How are provincial/territorial workers’ compensation boards funded?
These boards are primarily funded through employer premiums. Employers are required to contribute a certain percentage of their payroll to the workers’ compensation fund. Some boards also receive government funding or investment income to supplement their resources.

3. Are all workers in Canada covered by provincial/territorial workers’ compensation boards?
No, not all workers are covered by these boards. Certain workers, such as self-employed individuals, federal government employees, and those working in industries not covered by workers’ compensation legislation, may not be eligible for compensation from these boards.

4. How do I file a claim with a provincial/territorial workers’ compensation board?
To file a claim, you typically need to report your injury or illness to your employer as soon as possible. Your employer will provide you with the necessary forms and guide you through the process. It is important to submit your claim within the specified time frame determined by the board.

5. Can I appeal a decision made by a provincial/territorial workers’ compensation board?
Yes, if you disagree with the decision made by the board regarding your claim, you have the right to appeal. Each jurisdiction has its own appeal process, which usually involves submitting a written request for reconsideration or attending a hearing. It is advisable to seek legal representation or assistance when appealing a decision.