Short Term Disability In Canada

Short-Term Disability in Canada:

Short-term disability is a government-sponsored program in Canada that provides financial support to individuals who are temporarily unable to work due to illness, injury, or pregnancy-related issues. This program aims to offer income replacement and support during the period of disability.


1. What is the eligibility criteria for short-term disability benefits in Canada?

To be eligible for short-term disability benefits in Canada, individuals must have paid into the Employment Insurance (EI) program and have accumulated enough insurable hours. Additionally, the disability must be certified by a qualified medical professional.

2. How much financial support can I receive through short-term disability benefits?

Under the short-term disability program, eligible individuals can receive a percentage of their average weekly earnings, up to a maximum amount set by the government. This percentage is typically around 55% of their average weekly earnings.

3. What is the duration of short-term disability benefits in Canada?

Short-term disability benefits are typically provided for a maximum period of 15 weeks. However, this duration may vary depending on the specific circumstances and the province in which the individual resides.

4. Can I apply for short-term disability benefits if I am self-employed?

Individuals who are self-employed may not be eligible for short-term disability benefits under the government program. However, they have the option to explore private disability insurance plans to secure income replacement during periods of disability.

5. Are there any waiting periods before receiving short-term disability benefits?

Yes, a waiting period, known as the “elimination period,” applies before individuals can receive benefits. This waiting period is usually one week, during which the individual is required to wait before becoming eligible for benefits.

6. Can I receive short-term disability benefits for pre-existing conditions?

In most cases, short-term disability benefits do not cover pre-existing conditions. Benefits are typically provided for new illnesses, injuries, or complications arising from pregnancy or childbirth.

7. How do I apply for short-term disability benefits in Canada?

To apply for short-term disability benefits in Canada, individuals need to submit a claim to Service Canada. This can be done online, by phone, or by visiting a Service Canada Center. The claim will require relevant medical documentation and details about the disability and employment history.