DEFINITION: Learning disabilities, also known as learning disorders, refer to a range of neurological conditions that impact an individual’s ability to acquire, process, and retain information. These disabilities affect how a person learns, thinks, communicates, and performs specific tasks, often resulting in difficulties in one or more areas of academic or daily life functioning.
1. What are some common types of learning disabilities in Canada?
Common types of learning disabilities in Canada include dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, auditory processing disorder, visual processing disorder, nonverbal learning disabilities, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
2. What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a learning disorder characterized by difficulty in reading, spelling, and writing. Individuals with dyslexia may struggle with letter and word recognition, reading fluency, and comprehension.
3. What is dysgraphia?
Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing skills. Individuals with dysgraphia may have difficulties with handwriting, spelling, organizing their thoughts on paper, and may struggle to express themselves through written language.
4. What is dyscalculia?
Dyscalculia is a learning disability that affects mathematical abilities. Individuals with dyscalculia may have difficulties understanding and manipulating numbers, performing mathematical operations, and solving mathematical problems.
5. What is auditory processing disorder (APD)?
APD is a learning disability that affects how the brain processes auditory information. Individuals with APD may struggle with following directions, understanding spoken language, and distinguishing between different sounds and sequences of sounds.
6. What is nonverbal learning disability (NVLD)?
NVLD is a learning disorder characterized by difficulties in nonverbal areas of functioning. Individuals with NVLD may struggle with social skills, visual-spatial abilities, motor coordination, and interpreting nonverbal cues.
7. What is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that often co-occurs with learning disabilities. It is characterized by difficulties with attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which can significantly impact an individual’s ability to focus and perform academic tasks.